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Approaches to research into learning and teaching

Prepared by John Church, PhD, School of Educational Studies and Human Development

University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Chapter 1 consists of 5 sections. Section 1 identifies the most common approaches to research in education. Section 2 examines the extent to which each of these approaches to research have learning and/or teaching as their primary subject matter. Section 3 examines the units of analysis which are being used in research into learning. Section 4 identifies the different types of explanation which are possible and Section 5 asks which of the several approaches to the study of learning and teaching is most likely (a) to identify the conditions necessary in order for different kind of learning to occur and hence most likely (b) to identify the teaching procedures which are effective in developing different kinds of learning outcomes in different kinds of learners