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The effects of instructional events

Prepared by John Church, PhD, School of Educational Studies and Human Development

University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

In Book 2 we identified and defined a number of instructional events which are thought to affect motivation, learning, retention and the development of likes and dislikes. These events included the various types of presentations, prompts and practice opportunities which occur within each learning interaction, and the various types of presentation, prompting, practice, contingency management and scheduling operations which occur during instructional sequences.

In this book we review the results of scientific research into the effects of these events. Although this research is in its infancy, the experimentation undertaken to date tells us much about the events which do and do not play a critical role in the development of motivation, learning, retention, likes and dislikes. In the reviews which follows we will also identify a number of commonly occurring instructional events about which little is known.